Guangzhou Overview

Guangzhou , is the third largest economic city of chinese mainland, capital of Guangdong Province, it is political, economic, technological, educational and cultural centers of Southern China; it is one of the most important transportation hubs in China.

Guangzhou is located in Guangdong Province in south-central, situated in the mouth of the Pearl River Delta, with the Baiyun (White Cloud) Hill in the north and the Zhujiang (Pearl) River Delta Plain in front. It adjoins the South China Sea , near Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Region, It is the southern gateway to the world of China.
GuangzhouCovering an area of 7,434 square kilometers, and with a population of roughly 11.85 million.. It has direct jurisdiction over ten districts and two county-level cities. The ten districts include: Yuexiu, Liwan, Haizhu, Tianhe, Baiyun, Huangpu, Huadu, Panyu, Nansha, Luogang, while the two county-level cities are Zengcheng and Conghua.  It is  the most populous city in the province and the third most populous metropolitan area in China. The provincial government’s official estimate of the metropolitan area’s population at the end of 2006 was 9,754,600.Guangzhou’s urban land area is the third largest in China, behind only Beijing and Shanghai.

Guangzhouis one of the 24 cities which are the first to have been announced as famous cities of historic and cultural interest in China. The history of 2,200 years has left behind many places of historic interest and scenic beauty. They are vivid witness of past brilliance of Guangzhou. The sites of Sun Yat-sen’s Memorial Hall, Huangpu Military Academy, Huanghuagang Park and Guangzhou Peasant Movement Institute all bore witness to the great revolution.

Guangzhou is one of the best places for eating in China. The Chinese saying “Born in Suzhou, eat in Guangzhou and die in Liuzhou” is a fitting way to describe the wealth of great food available here. (Apparently if you are born in Suzhou you have a beautiful mother, and if you die in Liuzhou you will be buried in the finest coffins!) Eating is certainly the main pleasure for the local residents of Guangzhou and there are literally hundreds of good restaurants serving up authentic Cantonese cuisine.

Guangzhou holds the famous and world’s biggest trade fair every year – China Import and Export Fair, commonly known as Canton Fair, was founded in the spring of 1957, held in Guangzhou in spring and autumn every year, so far, more than 50 years of history, is currently the longest history, the highest level, the largest and most complete varieties , visiting traders largest turnover best comprehensive international trade event.

Population: 11.85 million
Urban Population: 8.22 million
Area: 7,434 sq km
Climatic Features: subtropical humid monsoon climate, hot and rainy
Average Temperature: 21.7degC annually with the highest of 38.7 and lowest of 0degC
Rainfall: annual precipitation 1982.7 mm, with rainfall concentrated in spring and autumn
Mountains: Western Hills, which belong to the Taihang Range; Mt. Jundushan, in the north, which is part of the Mt. Yanshan
Rivers: Pearl River (West River, North River, East River), Nanhai, Liuhua Lake, Li Lake, Dongshan Lake
Products: paddy rice, potato, wheat, corn, jowar, silk, sugarcane, earthnut and hemp
Tropical or Subtropical Fruits: banana, cirtrus, lichee, and pineapple
Local Highlights: Yue Drama
Famous Guangdong Folk Music: Bubugao and Xiyangyang
Handcraft: Ivory Carving, Sandalwood Fan
Nationalities: Han, Li, Yao, Zhuang, Miao, Hui, Manchu and She
Neighboring Areas: Hunan, Jiangxi, Fujian, and Hainan provinces; Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Hong Kong and Macao

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