Guangdong Museum of Revolutionary History is a local specialized museum in China. Located on the site of former Guangdong Advisory Bureau in the Guangzhou Uprising Martyrs Cemetery of Guangdong Province, the museum was prepared in 1957 and completed in 1959.
The premises of the present museum housed the former Guangdong Consultative Council in the late Qing Dynasty; they were also an important revolutionary site during the Great Revolution Period.
Covering a construction area of 2,000 square meters, the museum is a round-topped two-storeyed building with a hall in the center and surrounded by corridors. The museum became a special organ for displaying and studying the history of revolutionary struggle waged by the Guangdong people and related cultural relics. After the breakout of Wuchang Uprising on October 10, 1911, revolutionists in Guangdong gathered here to declare the independence of Guangdong; On May 5, 1921, Sun Yat-sen acceded president here; the second and third national congresses of Kuomintang were held here; and late-Chairman Mao Zedong used to work here, etc.
Its administrative body takes care of some other museums as well, i.e., Guangzhou Uprising Memorial, China National Union Memorial, Former CPC Guangdong Regional Committee Office Memorial, Former Site of Huangpu Military Academy and Former Site of Vietnam Youth Political Training Class, etc.
In 1957, the Guangzhou Municipal People’s Committee made the decision to build the Guangdong Revolutionary History Museum on this site. The museum’s permanent exhibition aims to illustrate the history of Guangdong people’s revolutionary struggle over the past century from the outbreak of the Opium War to the founding of the People’s Republic of China. In order to give a full presentation of the evolution of Guangzhou’s modern history, in July 1996, the Guangzhou Modern History Museum was established on the premises of the Guangdong Revolutionary History Museum, with the two museums housed under the same roof. The Guangzhou Modern History Museum focuses on presenting the historical conditions of Guangzhou between 1840 and 1949 in various aspects, including politics, economy, health, education, culture, and folk customs.
The museum collects 13,000 pieces of cultural relics and literature, and 13,000 historical photos, among which 20 belong to Class One collections. Most valuable ones include slogans in the Guangzhou Uprising, the commemorative handkerchief for the Republic of China issued in the period of the 1911 Revolution, and so on.
The Guangdong People’s Revolutionary History is the basic exhibition of the museum, introducing local people’s lasting struggle for national independence from the Opium War in 1840 to the national liberation in 1949, with the First Civil Revolutionary War as the focus of the introduction.
Address: 2Courtyard 2, Lingyuanxi Road, Guangzhou (inside Guangzhou Memorial Park to the Martyrs) (510055)
Exhibition: Display about Modern Guangzhou
Scale: Floor area – 2,400m2
Opening Hours: 9:00-12:00, 13:30-16:40; closed on Mondays
Admission: RMB 5
Tel and Fax: (8620) 83825846
Transportation: Take Bus No. 221 and get off at the Martyrs’ Cemetery station; alternatively, take Bus No. 293, 283, 284, 224 or 204 and get off at the Dongfeng Hotel station.